Macadamia is toxic for dogs

Macadamia integrifolia toxic

The macadamia nut grows on an evergreen tree that can reach up to 40 metres in height. The 3-6 green leaves of the macadamia tree are arranged on a stem. It is native to Australia. The flowers are in long, pendulous inflorescences and are white, pink. The round fruits are woody and light brown, the seeds (nuts) are white-yellowish.

While macadamia nutsare nutritious for us humans, they can unfortunately be deadly for your dog. All parts of the macadamia nut tree are toxic to dogs, but especially the nuts. The macadamia nut contains glycosides that are toxic to dogs, although the exact toxin is unknown.

Fortunately, the prognosis for poisoning is usually good, depending on the dose and the dog's condition.


Macadamia is also known as:
  • smooth-shelled macadamia
  • bush nut
  • Queensland nut
  • Bauple nut
  • nut oak
Fruits in green cover on the macadamia tree

What should I do if my dog ate Macadamia?

How toxic is Macadamia?

Toxicity:toxic (toxic)
Toxic parts:All parts of the macadamia tree are toxic to dogs, but especially the nuts.
Toxic time:-
Antidote:Unknown
POISONINGS REQUIRE QUICK REACTION:
If your dog shows symptoms of poisoning, it is always an emergency! Time is critical for your dog's life. You should immediately call your vet or the animal emergency services and make sure that a vet is on site and then go there immediately. For the treatment, it helps the vet a lot to know what your dog has ingested.

Occurrence Macadamia

Plant species:tree
Occurrence:Bucket
Areas:-
Flowering time:-
Fruit ripening:-

Symptoms

The following symptoms may occur with macadamia nut poisoning:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • stomach pain
  • in the case of very severe poisoning, faintness and movement disorders in the hind legs may occur
  • cramps, lameness, tremors, stiffness may follow
  • the dog may also develop a fever and the mucous membranes may become pale

Treatment

The vet will always try to remove the ingested poison from the body and alleviate the specific symptoms of poisoning.

There are different methods to remove the poison from the body:

1. ACTIVATED CHARCOAL: Activated charcoal can absorb toxins. If possible, it should be administered within 2 hours after ingestion of the poison, so that the toxin does not enter the bloodstream.
2. LAXATIVES: The vet may combine the administration of activated charcoal with a laxative.
3. VOMITING: The vet can also induce vomiting using medication to remove the toxin from the body. 

If the symptoms of poisoning are very severe, infusions and antispasmodic drugs can also be administered.

More information on dog poisonings can be found here: 

Preventing, identifying and treating poisoning in dogs

 

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